目前日期文章:201202 (19)

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格陵蘭最大的特色,就是冰,然而冰也會因地理環境的不同而呈現不同的樣貌,因此,我整理了一些關於冰的資訊,一起學習。

 冰河 Glacier

冰河,是一種大型且長久存在的冰,它本身會因為消融加上重力的牽引而移動,貌似一條流動的河流,故稱之冰河。冰河多半只存在於極地地區,這樣的氣候能讓冰河的融化速度小於冰產生的速度,因此才能長久持續的存在著。除了澳洲之外,在大陸的山區或高緯度的小島都會有冰河的存在。

至於在北緯 35度至 南緯 35度之間的地區,只有喜瑪拉雅山 (歐洲)、安地斯山脈 (南美)、東非的部份高山地區、墨西哥、新幾內亞以及伊朗的 Zard Kuh 山區會有冰河。

冰河又可進一步的區分為山嶽冰河 (Alpine Glacier) 及大陸冰河 (Continental Glacier),高山冰河存在於高山或山谷地形中,而大陸冰河則是覆蓋在大陸地形上的大面積冰河,其終點是海洋。多數的大陸冰河,都是冰蓋或大冰原的外部冰河。

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國際交通

前往格陵蘭的方式常見的模式有:

(1) 從丹麥哥本哈根搭 Air Greenland (http://airgreenland.com/) 至格陵蘭西岸的 Kangerlussuaq,再轉往 Ilulissat 及其他城鎮

(2) 從冰島雷克雅未克搭 Air Iceland (http://www.airiceland.is/) 至格陵蘭東岸的 Kulusuk、西岸的 Ilulissat 及Nuuk,以及南邊的 Narsarsuaq

 

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機場交通

由哥本哈本的機場 (Københavns Lufthavnehttp://www.cph.dk/CPH/DK/MAIN) 前往市區,可以搭乘火車或捷運

(一) 火車:在第三航廈搭乘火車至København H‎

(二) 捷運:在第三航廈的地鐵站搭乘地鐵至 Nørreport st (可接火車)、Kongens Nytorv st (離市中心近) 或 
Christianshavn

要從其他航廈前往第三航廈,可以搭乘免費的接駁公車。

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一、機票

要前往格陵蘭,須在丹麥、冰島或加拿大搭飛機前往。

如果行程已含冰島的規劃,可一併處理,但由於冰島前往格陵蘭的班機並不多,需提早訂票。

而最推薦的則是由丹麥哥本哈根前往,班機多,也可一併遊玩丹麥。


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I arrive at Melbourne city at 8:30. The tram no.55 changes the usual route tonight suddently and I get off at the wrong stop. I'm a little nervous but lucky to find my hostel not far away from the unknown stop.

I exlpain to the YH staff why I check out one day earlier, and then call the taxi with the free phone in YH to send me directly to Southern Cross Station.

On the airport shuttle, I still could not believe that I'm going home now.

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 Oh, my god!Today is my last day in Australia?

I wait for the bus at the same corder in the morning.

When I watch my flight information, I suddently find something wrong.

"Jesus, I misunderstand the departure time of my flight."

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Five o'clock in the morning (Yes, it's five o'clock), I've already waked up.

My breakfast is m&m chocolate and hot chocolate. Actually, I forget to buy ingredients and I don't have anything for the breakfast.

Because of the event yesterday, I'm quite clear that the Grayline bus will pick me up.

Without any accident, I'm going to Mt. Buller today.

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I recall that I always booked all the activities I wanted in advance whether travelling in New Zealand or Iceland. Of course, I also joined addtional activities that were not in my plan, but the situation will not become worse if I could not join the activity beacuse of some reasons. 

Someone may consider there is no necessary to book all the activities in the low season.

Therefore, before travelling in Australia, I trid only to booked the day trips in Kangaroo Island and Uluru and I didn't book any activity in Blue Mountains, Hoabrt, Bicheno and Melbourne.

Most of the time, I was lucky to join the trips as I wished.

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I watch Uluru and Kata Tjuta in the morning for the last time.

They are the guardians of this red-soil kingdom standing firmly far away. 

Today I will fly to Melbourne, my last city in Australia.

As the journey comes to the end, I treasure the time more.

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It's the third day and also the last day of the trip with The Rock Tour.

We wait for the sunrise at the viewing area we watched sunset yesterday.

Waiting for the sun rising from the sky line, I take lots of photos in different conditions of aperture and shutter time. Because Uluru and the sun are at the same direction, it's not very easy to get a nice and balanced shoot.

Except for Uluru, the cloud also changes the color as the time passed.

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Wanyu Ulurunya tatintja wiyangku wantima

Please don’t climb Uluru

Ulurula tatintjaku tjinguru nguluringanyi

The Uluru climb can be dangerous

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Five o'clock in the early morning, I'm waiting for the tour bus with all my luggages. Because the big buggages will be stored in the cart, I put some things I need in another backpack and the monopod is also taken with me.

Many tourists also wait for their bus in front of the hostel.

Alice Spring looks like a temperary place for the tourists. The tourists who arrive today may leave tomorrow.

After our bus collected all the members, we leave Alice Spring before sunrise.

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7 o'clock in the morning, the rain in Adelaide makes me very busy when getting on the bus to the airport.

Because of the cold, I make a mistake when I use the self-boarding machine. Fortunately, I could check in at the desk to get my ticket.

Waiting the plane to Alice Spring on the seat, I take more cold madicine and rest.

Before noon, I arrive at Alice Spring and the weather is quite hot and sunny just like the summer.

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格陵蘭,世界第二大冰原的所在地,北極熊的故鄉

 有朋友在今年,也就是 2011 年,即將前往加拿大的邱吉爾進行北極熊的生態研究旅行,著實很讓人羡慕

北極熊,我曾經在日本北海道的旭山動物園看過一次喲,但野生的可是找不到機會

因為邱吉爾賞熊的時間是十月中旬到十一月中旬,恰巧這段時間是不可能請假的

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Today is the relaxed day in my itinerary. My journey in Australia is quite long after all, and I don't have to be rush everyday. Besides, the daytime is not so long to arrange too many attactions far away from Adelaide city.

Around Adelaide, there are three worth-visiting attractions in my pocket. These places may not excellent as Kangroo Island but better than doing nothing in your hostel or coffee shop.

The first one is Barossa Valley where is located in the north-eastrn of Adelaide city and famous for wine-producing. The name Barrossa is derived from Barrossa Ranges which was named by William Light in memory of the Britsh victory in the battle of Barrossa.

The second is Hahndorf where is a town of Adelaide Hills located in the  south-eastern of Adeialde city. It's the oldest surviving German settlement in South Australia. The houses, food, agricultural prducts and other shops are the features of this town.

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Five o'clock in the morning, I get up because drinking too much water last night.

It's quite cold to walk to the washing room without shoes.

Most of us wake up at about 7 o'clock. While Bob prepare the breakfast, we change the bed sheet and the pillow case by ourselves.

The pancake prepared by Bob is amazingly delicious! It's the five-star pancake I've never tasted before.

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Today is the first day for the two-day tour in Kangaroo Island. I choose the same tour company "Surf and Sun" that my friend has joined before.

About 4:30, I spent some time finishing the spagetti I prepared yesterday and store my baggages in the luggage room. A medium backpack is already enough for me when I join the day tour or two-day tour. However, the paid locker in the luggage room could be only rented for one day. Therefore, I have to bring all the important things and I lock my two baggage together to make them safer (it would be very strange if someone want to take my baggages away without unlocking them).

There are twelve people, included me, going to Kangaroo Island with Surf and Sun. The car is medium in size with a luggage cart after it. You could put your baggages in the cart but do not bring all of your big luggages, or the space may not be enough for others.

It takes about two hours to arrive Cape Jervis where we will take the ferry.

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Four o'clock in the dark morning, I wait for the shuttle bus to the airport. I've never stood in such a cold weather without wearing my coat because I think the weather in Adelaide may be warm as Sydney.

Before landing, I find a big lake located inside the city. I check for the google map and this lake should be in the Hope Valley Reservoir which is located in the north-eastern of Adelaide.

The baggages are delivered very quickly. I ask the information center for the transportation to the city and get on Skylink that send me directly to Adelaide YHA. I almost forget that I've done my travel homework and actually, Skylink is not the cheapest way for the transportation.

Anyway, I don't care so much because the weather in Adeliade is quite good now. Maybe I just experience the cold morning in Hobart, it makes me feel that it's a little hot here.

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The night of Lake St.Clair was cold. Because I sleep too early, it's not so comfortable to go to the washing room located in another building. About six o'clock, I wake up after fourteen-hour sleeping.

The weather today seems to be better than yesterday. Before leaving Lake St.Clair, I go to the viewing point for watching the scenery once again. Although there is still the fog around the mountains, the lake is very poetic and painting-like under the affaction of the morning sunlight.

I stand alone beside the shore, listen to the sound of the wave, and watch for the change of sunlight. At this moment, I feel very peaceful. 

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